Understanding behavioral services can be difficult and can require the help of a patient, knowledgeable clinician. While all behavioral providers have the same goal of building new behavior and extinguishing/changing unwanted behaviors, clinicians can use different techniques to achieve the child's goals. It is crucial that individuals find a certified clinician who identifies and respects the families preferences for the child.
The jargon used by some behavioral providers can leave an individual’s mind spinning. Eclipse clinicians use clear language and partner with each family to ensure optimal comprehension of the program and techniques to use. Below are some definitions of treatments that utilize the principals of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA).
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
"Applied behavior analysis is the science in which procedures derived from the principles of behavior are systematically applied to improve socially significant behavior to a meaningful degree and to demonstrate experimentally that the procedures employed were responsible for the improvement in behavior." (Cooper, Heron, and Heward)
“A behavior therapy treatment for anxieties, fears, and phobias that involves substituting one response, generally muscle relaxation, for the unwanted behavior-the fear and anxiety. The client practices relaxing while imagining anxiety-producing situations in a sequence from the least fearful to the most fearful.” (Cooper, Heron, and Heward)
Pivotal Response Therapy (PRT)
“The underlying motivational strategies of PRT are incorporated throughout intervention as often as possible, which include child choice, task variation, interspersing maintenance and acquisition tasks, rewarding attempts, and the use of direct and natural reinforcers. The child plays a crucial role in determining the activities and objects used in the PRT exchange. Attempts at the targetbehavior are rewarded with a natural reinforcer (e.g. if a child attempts a verbal request for a stuffed animal, the child received the animal, not a piece of candy or other unrelated reinforcer). Pivotal Response Treatment is use to teach language, decrease disruptive/self-stimulatory behaviors, and increase social, communication, and academic skills.” (http://education.ucsb.edu/autism/ UCSB Koegel Autism Center)
Incidental Teaching involves structuring and sequencing educational objectives so that they occur within ongoing, typical activities and take advantage of student interests and motivation (McGee, Daly, & Jacobs, 1994).